The George C. Marshall Papers


George C. Marshall Report to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs[1]

. . . Camp and Field Duty: During this period, most of the infantry organizations had a two weeks tour of duty in connection with the strike at Lawrence, Massachusetts. The inspector-instructor was frequently present for one to three days at a time, during which period he inspected most of the organizations for the Federal inspection (not counting property). Owing to the strenuous nature of the duty performed, it was not possible to give much personal instruction to companies, and it was not even found practicable to utilize the sergeant-instructors for this purpose. . . .
Strike Duty: During a period of eleven weeks, from three to twenty-one companies of infantry were on duty at Lawrence, Massachusetts, in connection with the strike.[2] During the early part of this period, when the strikers were allowed to parade by the thousands, the troops were confronted by many serious situations, and the discipline, control of the men, etc., at such times was excellent. Throughout the period the troops performed their duties in an exceedingly businesslike and methodical fashion, and as a result their prestige in the state is greatly improved.
The non-commissioned officers and privates received a good deal of instruction in guard duty, patrolling, care of the rifle, and company drills during this period. . . .
NA/RG 168 (Document File)
    [1]The original of Marshall's first quarter report is not in the NA/RG 168 files. This version is taken from an undated memo ("Extracts from Reports of Inspector-Instructors," probably spring, 1912) by Brigadier General R. K. Evans, Chief, Division of Militia Affairs. Approximately one-third of the portion Evans quoted is printed here.
    [2]The militia was first called to Lawrence on January 15. The strike was essentially over on March 12, when the strikers voted to accept new contracts. The last militia troops left on March 25.