The Papers of Henry Laurens

Dr. Alexander Garden (1730-1791)

A Scot, a physician and a botanist or naturalist, Garden emigrated to Charleston, South Carolina in 1752, after acquiring his medical degree from the University of Edinburgh, and established a practice there. A prominent physician, he was known even more widely as a naturalist for his contributions to the knowledge of the flora and fauna of South Carolina. The gardenia was named for him. He was a member of the American Philosophical Society and was elected to the Royal Society. Garden was a loyalist, and was forced to leave Charleston at the end of 1782.
Edmund Berkeley and Dorothy Smith Berkeley, Dr. Alexander Garden of Charles Town (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1969); Dictionary of American Biography.