The Papers of Henry Laurens


A-B

Abaco, Bahamas 348n
Accounts 382
Additional Instruction of April 14, 1770 305
Addresses:
from the People of England 338n
Admiralty Courts 368n
Advertisements:
charges for 312
for elections 404
Affidavits:
mentioned 339, 347, 366, 375, 379, 392
Air, James (IV, 206n) 363, 364
passage to S.C. 361
Alabama 360n
Alarm, Declaration of 366, 400n
Almon, John (VIII, 76n) 362n
Altamaha River, Ga.:
HL's plantations on 342
Amelia, a sloop (Moffet):
sailings 368n
Amelia, S.C. 348, 349, 352, 370
Rangers at 350
Ammunition:
and Loyalists 402
for Indians 348n
for volunteer companies 347
mentioned 383
supply of 339, 359, 401
Ansonborough, S.C. 414n
Arithmetic 364
Arms 369
and Loyalists 339, 352
requested 402
shortage of 410
surrender of 361
Arrests 320n
for murder of Indians 394n
Arthur, William 404n
Artillery:
stores of 379
Ashley River, S.C. 368n
Assembly, of S.C.:
and Wilkes Fund 305n
dissolution of 305n, 396, 399
letters from 305- 308
Association, Loyalist 390
Association, patriot 319n
efforts to obtain signers for 379
governor opposes 398
signers of 344, 389
threatened by dissatisfied militia 400
Attorneys General:
N.C. 325
S.C. 320, 323n
Augusta, Ga.:
attack on threatened 309, 323, 328, 343, 352, 375, 390
mentioned 348n, 365, 371, 399
Augusta County, Va. 387n
Bahamian Gazette 355n
Ballast 342
Bampfield, Rebecca (Cook) (V, 493) 317
Banishment:
of British officials 396
of Loyalists 368n
Bar, at entrance of harbor:
at Charleston 319
Barbecues 347
Barnwell, John 316
Barracks:
at Charleston 322
Bath, Eng. 363
Batteries, in Charleston 396
at Fort Johnson 383, 387, 399
bombardment from 356
Battle of Augusta 360n
Battle of Briar Creek 309n
Battle of Bunker Hill 355, 356
accounts of 357
Battle of Charleston 348n
Battle of Cowpens 359n, 360n
Battle of Great Cane Break (Snow Campaign) 348n
Battle of Lexington and Concord 356
Battle of Long Cane 360n
Battle of Mobile 348n
Battle of Ninety Six:
mentioned 360n, 387n
Battle of St. Augustine 348n
Battle of Stono 338n
Battle of Yorktown 309n
Bayonets 311
Beaufort, a brigantine (Crawford, Reid):
sailings 361n
Beaufort, a schooner 366n
Beaufort, S.C.:
mentioned 389n
Bee, Thomas (IV, 285n) 305n
Beef:
price of 318
Bell, Zachariah 339n
Betsey, a brigantine (Lofthouse) 401
Bills of exchange:
availability of 318, 382
discount on 311
mentioned 413, 415
Blackheath, Eng. 363
Blake, Edward (II, 174):
and defense of Charleston 366
Blankets 325
as gifts for Indians 348
Blockades 366
Bloody Point, S.C. 316
Boats:
from British vessels 383, 386
mentioned 407, 408, 410
Boatswains 409n
Bombs 311, 356
Bonds:
mentioned 311, 415
Books:
business 317
Boote, Benjamin Booth 324, 379
Boston, Mass.:
mentioned 387n
military activity in 356
Bottles 407
Bounties, enlistment 322n
Bourdieu, James (VI, 421n) 341n
Bourdieu & Chollet, of London (VIII, 220n) 341n
Bread 307, 408
Breakfast 344
Brewton, Miles (II, 212n) 332
Bricks 342
Brisbane, William Alexander (VIII, 289n) 314
Bristol, Eng.:
mentioned 336
merchants of 311
travels to 363
Broad River, S.C. 337n, 349, 360
Broad St., Charleston 327n
Brompton, Eng. 363
Broughton Island plantation 342
Brown, Thomas 387
and Thomas Fletchall 337, 344, 346
and threat to Augusta, Ga. 309, 323n, 352
temper of 343, 345, 359
Brown's Branch, S.C. 338n
Brunswick County, N.C. 408n
Buffaloe Lick, Ga. 394n
Bull, Fenwicke (III, 488) 405n
Bull, John 316
Bull, Stephen (1716-1770) 316n
Bull, Stephen (d. 1800) (IV, 564):
and gunpowder 308, 309, 313
and John Joyner 315- 316
and militia 314
censured 315, 316
letters from 308- 310, 313- 316
Bull, William (1710-1791) (I, 103n):
mentioned 314
Bullets 325
Bullock's Creek, S.C. 337
Bull's Island, S.C. 309n
Burning (punishment) 320n
Bush & Elton, of Bristol (VII, 266) 341

C

Cabinetmakers 318n
Caldwell, John 347n
Cambridge University 336n
Camden District, S.C.:
residents of 365n
Cameron, Alexander 366, 388
and Cherokees 339, 347
Campbell, Andrew (Dutchess of Gordon) 335
Campbell, Lady William (Sarah Izard) (I, 53n) 407
Campbell, Lord William (I, 53n):
and Assembly 305n, 396n
and Fort Johnson 323, 384, 388, 399, 409
and military affairs 399
and the Tamar 395, 396, 399, 405
and Thomas Jeremiah 321, 328- 329, 330, 332, 333, 334
letters from 328, 334- 335
letters to 305- 308, 329- 330
mentioned 324n
relations with backcountry 338, 345, 359, 374, 379, 386, 392, 397, 398
Camps (military):
Loyalist 391, 392
Rangers 344, 348, 349, 350, 359, 370, 372
Canals 307
Canes 345
Cannon:
ladles for 383
mentioned 356, 376, 378, 387, 407
ordnance for 383
patriot, at Charleston 383, 385, 388, 399
spunges for 383
worms for 383
Cannon balls 383
Canoes 316
Cape Fear, N.C. 355n
Cape Finisterre, Sp. 342
Cargoes 367
Carolina Coffee House 319sn
Carriages 340
Cart, John 323n
Carter, William (Lively) (VII, 183n) 312sn
Casualties:
in Mass. 355n, 356- 357
Cattell, Benjamin 314n
Cattell, William (IV, 218n) 314n
Cedar Creek, S.C. 348
Censure:
of licentiousness 306
Chaney, Bailey 386
Channels, ship:
blocking of 414
Charles II (V, 743) 363n
Charleston, S.C.:
attack on feared 409, 412, 413n
defense of 325, 366, 399, 405, 406, 414
evacuation of 368n, 390n, 414
Charleston Neck, S.C. 385n
Charleton (Charlton), Thomas 343
Charlotte, a sloop:
sailings 355n
Cherokee, armed sloop (Fergusson) 409
sailings 388n
threat from 388, 413n
Cherokee Campaign of 1776 359n
Cherokee Expedition of 1761 387n
Cherokees:
allegiance of 325, 339, 360n
and Alexander Cameron 339, 347
and gunpowder 387n
and William Thomson 371, 372
attack on 394n
boundaries of 348n
neutrality of 347n, 413
Chollett, Samuel, of London (VIII, 423) 341n
Christiana, a brigantine (Hinson) 381
Church bells 326
Church St., Charleston 327n
Circular letters 393
Civil war:
fear of in S.C. 349, 354n, 375
Roman 369n
Clark, Jonathan 347n, 366
Clarke, Alured 390n
Clarke, Arthur (Diligence) 382sn, 409
letters from 372- 374
Clarke, Catherine (Inglis) 373n, 414
Classical references:
Marcus Cocceius Nerva 369
Clay, Joseph (V, 377n) 367
Clergymen:
Anglican 320
intercede for condemned slave 320
Clerks:
Court of Common Pleas 323n
employment sought as 310n
Climate 406
Clinton, Sir Henry (VII, 470n) 348n
Cloth:
linen 348
Clothing 307, 348
Cloud brothers 394n
Cochran, Robert (VII, 271n):
and Fort Johnson 385
Coffeehouses 337
Collectors 323n, 389, 401n
Colleton County militia 411n
Comet, a brigantine (Turpin) 366n
Commerce, a sloop (Lempriere) 313
Commissioners for Colony Treasury 381n
Commissioners for Indian Affairs for the Southern Department:
appointment of 348n
Commissioners for Navy, S.C. 366
Commissions (business) 311, 341
Commissions (military):
applications for 314, 412
blank 351, 412
dual 343
for militia officers 379
for volunteer officers 344, 351, 353
from Council of Safety 326
Loyalist 339, 345
mentioned 351, 399, 401n
rank and precedence of 400
resignation of 346, 384n
Commission to the backcountry 322
assessment of 347, 349- 350
rationale for 398
Committee of Augusta, Ga. 390
Committee of Intelligence:
disseminates information 389, 393
Committee of Jacksonborough, S.C.:
letters from 410- 411
Committee of Prince William parish, S.C. 410
Committee of Saxe Gotha District, S.C.:
letters to 404- 405
Committee of St. Helena parish, S.C. (Beaufort) 389, 410
Committee of St. Peter parish, S.C. 410
Comptroller of Customs 323n
Confessions 330
Confiscation of property 348n
Congarees, S.C. 350
Congress to the Inhabitants of Great Britain 335n
Constitution, British 373
Continental Congress (Second) 335n
addresses and petitions of 362n
and military affairs 401n
and shipping 405n
attitudes towards 345
Contractors 327
Contracts:
to carry mail 372n
Cooper, Robert 320n
Copeland, William (Swallow packet) (VIII, 2n) 388n, 403, 409
Coram, John (VII, 116n) 330, 334
Corbett, Thomas (II, 160) 403
Corn:
crops of 318, 326
Corner Club (Charleston) 327
Cosslett, Charles Mathew (VIII, 694n) 323n
Cotton, John 386n
Council, of S.C.:
members of 323n
Council of Safety, Ga.:
membership of 309n, 367n
Council of Safety, S.C.:
and Fort Charlotte 354
and military authority 353, 354, 354, 366n, 371, 388, 401
and military commissions 412
and military organization 322, 326, 353
and Moses Kirkland 402
and munitions 308, 402
and naval affairs 329n, 405- 406
and provisioning 407
censures Stephen Bull 315
concern for security 367, 401
meetings of 413
Counting houses 310n
Courthouses 308, 377
Court of Common Pleas 368n
Court of Justices and Freeholders 320n, 329, 334
Court of Oyer and Terminer (Britain) 333
Courts 396, 401
Courts martial 402
Cowes, Eng. 342
Crawford, Capt. (Beaufort) 361n
Creek Indians:
alliance of 360
Crimes 320n
Criminals 331, 333
Croft, Peter 330n
Crops 351
size of 318
Crouch, Charles (V, 54) 355n
Cunningham, Patrick:
and gunpowder 387n
fear of 359
military commands 371n, 391
Cunningham, Robert:
capture of 387n
Cunningham brothers:
and Augusta 352
and elections 344, 346n
and Thomas Fletchall 337, 344, 392
described 345
party dispersed 394
raid on home 376
Currie, William 344
Cursing 307, 323
Customs houses:
at Charleston 396, 401

D-H

Dalrymple, Sir John 338n
Daufuskie Island, S.C. 309n, 316n
Dean, Thomas 364
Death 322, 334
Deaths:
mentioned 368n, 381n, 408n, 411n
DeBrahm, William Gerard (II, 81n) 409n
Debts:
difficult to collect 311- 312
Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking up Arms 335n
Declarations:
Defence, a schooner (Tufts) 366n
Delegates to Continental Congress, S.C.:
letters to 397- 403
DeSaussure, Daniel (VIII, 101):
letters from 389- 390
Deserters 367
Desertion 399, 409n
Diligence packet (Clarke) 372n, 373n, 382sn, 409
Dining rooms 310n
Dinners 377, 378
Discount 341n
Disguises 386
District Between the Broad and Saluda Rivers 365n
Dividends 341
Donaldson, John 351
Dorchester, S.C.:
mentioned 339, 340, 396
Downs, Jonathan 365
Drayton, Charles 389
Drayton, William Henry (II, 166n) 359, 396
and backcountry trade 393
and the Cherokees 348, 372
and the Rangers 346, 354
and Thomas Fletchall 344, 346, 378
and Treaty of Ninety Six (Sept. 16) 392n, 393
and William Thomson 348, 370
authority in the backcountry 354
defense of Augusta 352
defense of Ninety Six 375, 377- 378, 390- 391, 398
ironworks of 338
wants governor arrested 393
Drills, military 315
Dungeons 377
Dunn, John 324, 379
Dupon, Mr. 313sn
Dutchess of Gordon, a ship (Campbell) 335
Eagle packet (Nichols) 312sn, 319sn, 335sn
sailings 310n, 324n
East Florida:
as refuge for Loyalists 390n
mentioned 309n
East Florida Gazette 319n
Edinburgh University 319n, 361n
Education:
cost of 363
Elbert, Samuel 309
Elections:
for Provincial Congress 343, 345, 346n, 348, 359, 404
Elfe, Thomas (IV, 316n) 318n
Elliott, Barnard (VI, 175n) 367
and Fort Johnson 380n
Elliott St., Charleston 408
Enlistments:
of provincial regiments 322, 350, 351, 401n
of volunteer companies 339
Enoree River, S.C. 345n, 348, 352, 359, 365
Estates:
Richard Grubb's 341
Evidence 331
corroboration of 321
retraction of 320, 321, 329, 333
Ewen, William:
letters to 367
Executions:
of Thomas Jeremiah 319, 320, 332
Exiles 411n
Expresses:
arrival of 328
mentioned 323, 347, 350, 371
payment for 389
Factors 381n
Fair Forest, S.C. 346n
Falmouth, Eng.:
mentioned 311, 312sn
merchants of 310n
vessels for 310n
vessels from 310n, 388n
Fergusson, John (Cherokee) 388n, 409
Fewtrell, John 323n
Firelocks 383
Fires 356
Fletchall, Thomas:
and Augusta, Ga. 309, 323, 352, 390
and Commission to the backcountry 337, 344, 348, 359
and the Cunninghams 337, 344, 376, 391, 392
and Treaty of Ninety Six (Sept. 16) 329n, 378
mentioned 350, 371, 394, 412
Flour:
supply of 318
Ford, James 345n
Ford, John 392n
Ford's plantation 365
election at 345, 359
Fork Between the Broad and Saluda Rivers, S.C. 343, 391
Fort Charlotte, S.C. 371
command of 347
reinforced 347
threatened 339, 352, 360, 365, 375, 390, 399
Fortifications:
at Charleston 325, 399, 405, 406
on Sullivan's Island 414
Fort Johnson, S.C.:
and the Tamar 383, 399, 409
capture of 380n, 381, 382, 384, 387, 388, 396, 405
garrisoning and refitting of 383, 385, 399, 408
mentioned 410, 413n
Fothergill, John (VIII, 104n) 336
Fraser, Alexander (Rabbit) 317, 340
French and Indian War 412n
Frigates 412
Frosts 318
Fuquetts Old Field, S.C. 352sn
Furniture 326
beds 386
tables 310n
Gadsden, Christopher (I, 1) 314n, 403sn
Gadsden's Wharf, Charleston 380n
Gage, Thomas (IV, 428):
and Battle of Bunker Hill 355n, 356
mentioned 337
to be reinforced 388
Galphin, George (II, 368) 366
and Indian affairs 348n
Garden, Alexander (I, 58):
and HL's family 317, 327
and James Air 361n
letters from 395
mentioned 319n, 407
Garrisons:
at Fort Charlotte 347
at Fort Johnson 382, 384, 396, 399, 405, 408
Garwick, John 347n
General Committee, S.C.:
and Association 323, 372
and Charleston 405- 406
meetings of 413
miscellaneous business of 325, 404n
resolutions of 393
Geography 363
Georgetown, S.C. 402
Georgia:
and military affairs 309, 401
and trade 342
mentioned 324n, 350, 360n, 367n, 390n, 409n
vessels for 361
Georgia Planter, a ship (Inglis):
sailings 336n
German Fusiliers 400n, 411n
Germans 344
and Commission to the backcountry 337
Gervais, John Lewis (IV, 331):
and HL 327
committee assignments 327
mentioned 350
Gibbes, William (IV, 361) 381
Gillingham, Eng. 363n
Glover, Joseph (IV, 141n) 411
Goodman, William 404n
Good Warrior 412
Goodwyn, Robert 350
Gordon, Thomas Knox (VII, 501n) 323n
Graham (Graeme), James (III, 387) 312n
Granville County militia 316n, 389n
Graves, Mr. 317
Graves, Samuel 355n
Greek (lang.) 364
Greenwich, Eng. 336, 363
Greer, Thomas 392n
Gregory, William (IX, 543) 323n
Grenadiers:
Ga. militia 309
Regiment of Foot, 2nd S.C. 367
S.C. militia 314
Gronovius, Laurens Theodore (VIII, 405) 361n
Grubb, Richard (I, 7) 341
Guards:
for gunpowder 308
Gunners 305n, 323, 382
Gunpowder:
at Beaufort 308, 315, 316
captured by Lempriere 308, 313
confiscated by patriots 383
distribution of 309, 365, 391
Indians and 387
Loyalists and 339, 387n
requested 352, 360
shortage of 309, 325
storage of 377, 380
taken from Maitland 316
Gunpowder receiver 385n
Guns:
carriages for 383, 387, 388, 399
mounted 377
Habersham County, Ga. 412n
Haliday, Robert Dalway (VI, 109n) 323n, 401
Halifax, Nova Scotia 387n
Hammond, LeRoy 377, 392
home of 352, 375, 376
Hammond, Samuel 387n
Hancock, John 335
Handbills 357, 394n
Handkerchiefs 307
Hangings 320n
Harford, Charles (Mermaid) (VII, 415sn) 341
Harlens Ford, S.C. 352
Harvests 318, 414
Harvey, William (VI, 450) 389n
Hawkins, Philip (VII, 240) 318
Heatly (Heatley), Charles 350
Hederden, William 336
Hendricks, William 371
Heyward, Thomas, Sr. (V, 257n):
offices held 305n
Hillsborough, N.C. 325
Hindson, Capt. 397, 402n
Hinson (Hindson), Joseph (Christiana) 381, 382
History 364
Holidays:
St. Bartholomew Tide 363
Holland 368n
Horseback riding 340
Horses 372, 377, 378
Hostages 393
Houses 373
Howarth, Probart (III, 46n) 323n
Howe, Sir William (VII, 567n) 356
Humphreys, Ralph 404n
Hurricanes 342

I-L

Illnesses 317
Imhoff, John Lewis Peyer (VIII, 420):
Ranger company of 350, 351, 353
Imprisonment:
for murder of Indians 394n
of Loyalists 360n, 387n
Indians:
alliances of 325, 339, 359, 388, 413n
ammunition for 340
boundaries 348n
fear of 359, 400
mentioned 394, 398, 412
presents for 364
talks given to 347
traders to 309n, 348n
Indigo:
crops of 326
markets for 318
Inglis, Capt. (Georgia Planter) 336n
Inglis, George (II, 178n) 373n
Innes, Alexander (IX, 394) 409
and Fort Johnson 384, 388, 410
and HL 321
and Thomas Jeremiah 321, 330- 334
as Non=Associator 323n, 361, 396
letters from 330- 331, 332, 361
letters to 331, 333- 334
Insurance:
cost of 341
on vessels 402n
Interest:
on bonds 311, 415
Ireland:
mentioned 340n, 361n
Iron:
works 338, 412n
Jamaica, W.I. 372n, 373n
James Island, S.C. 380
Jefferies, John 408
Jeremiah, Thomas:
HL on 322, 329, 333
insurrection of 320- 322, 331, 334
John, Thomas 311
Johnston, Mr. 361
Johnston, Charles (VI, 419n) 312
Johnston, James 336
Jones, Eleanor 408
Joyner, John:
Judges 320, 323n
refuse to hold court 401
Justices of the Peace:
and Thomas Jeremiah's trial 320n, 329, 334
mentioned 307, 340
Kelsick, Richard (Woodcock) 415sn
Kent, Eng. 305n, 363n
Kershaw, Ely:
and Rangers 350
Kershaw, Joseph (II, 180):
and backcountry 346, 349, 365
Kings Creek, S.C. 343
Kirkland, Moses (IV, 674):
and Augusta, Ga. 352, 365, 390
and Ninety Six 393
and Rangers 322
assessment of 398
capture of 348, 374, 375, 386, 402, 405
Loyalist activity of 346n, 392, 399
Ladys Island, S.C. 389n
Lambton, Richard (I, 243n) 323n
Langkopf, Molling & Rasch (IX, 156) 341n
Lasley (Leslie), John (Liberty) (VI, 62) 322
Latin 363, 364
Laurens, Henry (1724-1792):
accounts of 341, 382
advice of, offered 318
advice of, sought 395
advice of, to his children 326, 413
and conveyance of letters 310
and his children's education 396, 403, 413
and John Laurens's studies 396, 405, 413
and Richard Grubb's affairs 341
apologies of 316n
as chairman of General Committee 321
as moderate 327, 396
as President of Council of Safety 305n, 313
assesses revolutionary spirit 311, 326, 396
concern for his brother 326
dines with company 317
fatigued 403, 413
health of 327
humor of 327
impact of Revolution on business and fortune of 310n, 312, 382
neighbors of 414
offers business commission as a gift 311
on American grievances 306
on Association 324, 368
on British Ministry 311, 396
on censorship of press 355- 357
on Charleston defenses 325
on Charleston harbor defenses 399, 405, 414
on fears of conservative patriots 369n
on Jerry's trial and execution 321- 322, 329, 333
on loyalty to the Crown 308
on mercenary patriots 322
on mortality 320
on oaths or tests 324
on violence 306- 307
oversees James Laurens's property 317- 318
plans for disposal of crops 342
plantations, production of 342
political isolation of 327
predicts war to be costly to Britain 397
requests assistance from Continental Congress 401
requests John Laurens guide the younger children 326- 327
requests London newspapers 312
seeks Anglo=American settlement 326, 414
tenants of 414
tenements of 414n
Laurens, Henry (Harry) (1763-1821) (IV, 148):
education of 363- 364
mentioned 328, 337, 397
Laurens, James (1728-1784) (I, 6):
health of 336
HL manages estate of 317- 318, 413- 415
mentioned 310, 362, 397
partners of 317
slaves of 317, 318, 413
travels to Bristol 363
Laurens, James (1765-1775) (V, 32n):
education of 336, 363- 364
mentioned 328, 337, 397
Laurens, John (1754-1782) (I, 89n):
and education of James Laurens (1765-1775) 336, 363- 364
letters from 335- 337, 361- 364
letters to 319- 335, 396- 397
mentioned 317, 382, 403
on Anglo=American dispute 336, 363
on studies 364
wishes to return to America 362
Laurens, Martha (Patsy) (1759-1811) (III, 107):
mentioned 328, 397, 404, 413
Laurens, Mary (Holland, Crawford) (V, 103n):
mentioned 397, 404
Laurens, Mary Eleanor (Polly) (1770-1794) (VII, 224n):
mentioned 397, 404, 413
Laurens County, S.C. 387n
Law 305, 307, 376
process of, stopped 311
Lawrence, Edward 310n, 311
Lawrence, Richard, of Falmouth:
letters to 310- 312
Lawson's Fork, S.C. 338, 343, 374, 390
Lawyers 324
Lead:
distribution of 365
Leave (military) 351, 354, 371
Lechmere, Nicholas (IX, 161n) 389
Lecturers 336n
Lee, Arthur (VIII, 95n) 335n
Legge, William (Earl of Dartmouth) (V, 49):
and the Olive Branch Petition 362n
letters of stolen 336
mentioned 392
Lempriere, Clement (Commerce, Prosper) (I, 249) 309
and gunpowder 308, 313
offices held 366
LePoole, Peter (VIII, 405) 311, 318
Letters:
detained 388
interception of 336n, 366, 376, 392, 412
mentioned 337, 399
of resignation 346
Leyden University 361n
Liquors 407, 408, 410
Little, Ferdinand (New York Packet) 402n
Little River Regiment (Loyalist) 371n
Livery 317
Loans 381n
Lofthouse, Alvara (Betsey) 401
Logie, Gustavus 355n, 356, 357- 358
Long Canes, S.C. 352, 358
Lowndes, Rawlins (II, 447):
in Council of Safety 396n
Loyalist Commission:
claims to 348n
Loyalists:
military organization of 339, 345, 365n, 368n, 371n, 386n, 391, 392
ordnance and military supplies of 339, 352, 387n, 391, 402
punishment of 339, 360n, 368n, 371, 387n, 402n
Lynch, Thomas (VII, 135n) 403sn

M-P

McCall, James (VI, 413) 359
McCulloch, Robert 323n
McDonald, Adam 386n
McIntosh, Lachlan, of Ga. (III, 361) 312n
letters to 312- 313
McLaurin, Evan 392n
store of 344
Mclean, Andrew 366n
Magazines, gunpowder:
at Charleston 379, 402
at Fort Johnson 383
Magna Charta, a ship (Maitland) 341
Mail:
contracts to carry 372n
interception of 362
special delivery 367
Maitland, Richard (Philippa) (V, 215) 367
gunpowder taken from 316
Manigault, Gabriel (1704-1781) (I, 191n):
and HL 327
Manning, William (1729-1791) (II, 365n):
and HL's business 341, 382
and James Laurens (1765-1775) 363, 415
and John Laurens 403
letters to 340- 343
mentioned 336, 404sn, 415sn
Maps 348
Maria Wilhelmina (Williams) 319
Marion, Francis (IV, 38n) 380n, 384n
Martin, Josiah 397
letters of intercepted 392
Maryland 412n
Massachusetts 385n
Massachusetts Gazette 357n
Mathematics 364
May River, S.C. 309n
Mayson, James:
and Ninety Six 377
mentioned 359n
ordered to Amelia 350
Mecklenberg County, N.C. 346
Medicine:
practice of 319n, 336n
study of 319n, 361n
Mediterranean Sea 342
Men=of=war:
at Charleston 381, 388, 408, 409
Lord William Campbell takes refuge on 399
mentioned 383, 386, 407
Mepkin plantation 317
Merchants:
British 310n
distressed 318
Ga. 309n
Mercury (Cape Fear, N.C.) 355n
Mermaid, a ship (Yowart) 341, 342
Messengers:
for Council of Safety 397
mentioned 329, 383, 384, 411
payment of 365
Meyler, Jeremiah, of Jamaica (II, 4):
letters to 381- 382
Middleton, Arthur (V, 44n) 360sn, 389
Middleton, Henry (III, 437) 403sn
Militia:
Charleston 326, 366n, 413n
Colleton County 411n
Continental Congress resolution concerning 401n
Council of Safety orders concerning 402
delinquents punished 400
discharged 353, 365, 394
dissatisfaction among 400
Ga. 309
Granville County 316n, 389n
James Island 381
Little River Regiment (Loyalist) 371n
mentioned 352, 391, 398
mustering 345, 376
New Acquisition District 338n
Ninety Six 365n, 386n
Prince William parish companies 313
put on alert 366
regulation of 401
returns 415
St. Bartholomew parish 411n
to reinforce Fort Charlotte 347
training of 315
undermined by formation of volunteer companies 315
Upper Saluda Regiment (Fletchall's) 371, 374
Milligen, George 323n, 324
Mills, William 411
Ministry, British 399
opinions about 306, 311, 396, 397
to use force against Americans 388
tries to disunite Americans 398
Mobs:
Charleston 305n, 307, 323, 324
English 307
Moffet, Edward (Amelia) 368n
Money:
currency 318
mentioned 317, 322
Morgridge, John 323n
Morris, John (V, 731) 323n
Motte, Isaac (IV, 122n):
and Fort Johnson 380n, 382- 384, 387, 388, 396, 399
and the Tamar 407- 410
letters to 385
Moultrie, William (III, 83) 367n
and Fort Johnson 381, 385
letters to 379- 380, 380- 381
regiment of 322n
Murray, Patrick 408
Musket balls 352
Muskets 356
fired as signal 407
Musters 345, 376
Mutiny:
among the Rangers 399
Nassau, Bahamas 355n
Neals Mill, S.C. 391
Neel (Neal, Neale, Neil, Neyle), Thomas:
and Commission to the backcountry 338, 349, 352, 365, 366
Negro Act of 1740 320n
Negroes:
execution of 320
free 319, 320
Negroes, categories of:
fishermen 322
pilots 319, 329
seamen 410
Nesbitt, William 330
New Acquisition District, S.C.:
representatives of 338n, 340n
New Acquisition regiment of militia 338n
New Hope plantation 342
Newspapers:
Boston 357n
London 312, 335
mentioned 355n, 358, 393, 414
to HL, from London 361
New York 387n, 402
New York Packet, a sloop (Little) 402n
Nichols, William (Eagle packet) (VII, 329sn) 310, 311
Ninety Six, S.C. 352, 376, 411
defense of 375, 398
gunpowder at 393
Ninety Six Brigade (Loyalist) 371n, 386n
Ninety Six District, S.C.:
mentioned 338n, 371n, 387n, 391
representatives of 359n
Non=Associators:
appear before General Committee 361, 368- 369, 372- 373
exile of 319n, 324n, 370, 396
in St. Helena parish 389
list of 323n
neutrality oaths by 323- 324
numbers of 351
trade of, restricted 344
violence against 305n, 307, 323, 324n, 387n
North, Frederick (Lord North) (VI, 412):
exceeds authority 336
North Carolina:
governor of 392, 397
mentioned 355n, 411n, 412n
troops from, in S.C. 351
Oars 407
Oaths:
military 379
neutrality 323- 324, 348n
to the Crown 369, 373
Oats, Edward 311
Olive Branch Petition 335n, 362n
Outerbridge, White 323n
Overseers:
HL's 341
Packetboats 362, 373
Pacolet River, S.C. 337n
Painter, Elisha (Elias) 409
Paints 348
Pamphlets:
"Gage's" 337
Paper:
purchase of 389
requested 379
Pardons:
by governor 329, 330, 332, 333
Pardue (Perdue, Pardieu), Fields 387
Parks 307, 363
Parliament:
meetings of 336
Parlors 319
Parsons, James (III, 2):
offices held 305n
Partnerships:
in backcountry 344
mercantile 312n
Passages 409n
length of 310n
Pearce (Pierce), Thomas 364
Pearis, Richard:
and the Cherokees 348, 387, 412
mentioned 371, 394
Pendleton District, S.C. 359n
Penn, Richard 335n, 362
Pennsylvania:
mentioned 340n, 359n
Pensacola, W. Fla. 312n, 372n, 381
Pensions 348n
Penzance, Eng. 311n
Petitions:
from Continental Congress 362n
from volunteer companies 400
Petrie, Edmund (VII, 240n):
business with James Laurens 317, 415
Petrie, Elizabeth (Holland) (VII, 458n) 317
Philadelphia, Pa.:
mentioned 345, 381, 387n, 402
Philippa, a ship (Maitland):
gunpowder taken from 316
Philosophy 319n
Physicians:
London 336, 363
Pickens, Andrew 359
Pilots:
captured by British 329, 406
Charleston 319
fees of 342
Negro 319, 329
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth (1746-1825) (V, 161n) 380n, 383
Plantations:
as election place 345n
Charlestonians retire to 370
managers of 389n
mentioned 309, 318, 396
slaves runaway from 312
Planters:
mentioned 318, 411n
Playgrounds 363
Polk, Ezekiel 339n
reinstatement of 346, 354, 371
resignation of 322, 350
Portland, a ship (Wilson) 415sn
sailings 317n
Portugal 342
Postal service 410
Postmasters:
deputy, for the Southern District 396n
Post offices 310, 312
American, to be established 402
at Charleston 336n
Post riders 367
Poultry 342
Powder horns 383
Powell, George Gabriel (IV, 321) 305n
Prevost, Augustine (VIII, 375n) 390n
Prince Frederick parish, S.C. 340n
Prince William parish, S.C. 309n, 313, 316n
Printers:
Charleston 319n, 355n, 358, 404
Prisoners 361
sent to S.C. from N.C. 325, 379
taken by British 410
taken by patriots in backcountry 371, 396
taken by patriots in Charleston 382, 387, 396
Prison ships 411n
Provincial Congress, S.C.:
and provincial forces 400
elections to 343, 346n, 348, 359, 404
Provisions 385
contractors of 327
cost of 342
for British troops 393
for British vessels 405- 406, 407
Loyalists short of 391
Purvis, John 350
Purysburg, S.C. 314

R-Z

Rabbit, a ship (Fraser) 317, 340
Rains:
heavy 342
mentioned 318, 326, 391
Ralph, John 318
Rate of exchange 413, 415
rising 311, 318, 382
Rattray, Helen (Govan) (III, 117) 317
Rebellion Road, S.C.:
mentioned 367
Recruiting:
for provincial regiments 322n, 350, 367n
Reed, George 358, 360n
Reed, Samuel 360
Rees (Reese), Joseph 348
Regiment of Foot, 1st S.C.:
establishment of 322
officers of 314n, 386n
Regiment of Foot, 2nd S.C. 380n
enlistment of 322
officers of 322n, 367n, 383
provisions for 408
Regiment of Rangers, 3rd S.C.:
camps of 350
companies of desert 322, 350
deployment of 346, 398
discipline of 349, 351, 354
enlistment of 350, 351
mentioned 352, 364n, 394
new companies of 339, 346, 350
pay of 355n
problems within 322
returns of 353, 370
Regulators:
as patriots 412n
Remembrancer 362
Remonstrances:
from volunteer companies 400
Olive Branch Petition as 362
Rewards 332, 333
for capture of Loyalists 402n
Rhodes, William 323n
Rice:
crops of 318, 326, 342, 414
poorly packaged 341- 342
price of 341n
quality of 341
Richardson, Edward 350
Richardson, Richard (III, 44n) 392
and Commission to the backcountry 337, 344, 349, 352, 366
gunpowder for 365
Richmond (Richman), Jacob 404n
River Settlement plantation 368n
Robinson, Joseph 387
raises Loyalist troops 339, 345
supports Thomas Fletchall 337, 344
Rose, John (II, 532) 415
Rosemont plantation 387n
Roupell, George (V, 273) 323n, 396
Royal College of Physicians 336n
Rutledge, Edward (III, 240n) 403sn
Rutledge, John (III, 68) 403sn
St. Andrew parish, S.C. 314n
St. Augustine, E. Fla. 319n
and John Stuart 412
and the Betsey 401
vessels sailing for 367
St. Bartholomew parish, S.C.:
representatives of 411n
St. Bartholomew parish militia 411n
St. Catherines Sound, Ga. 342
St. David parish, S.C. 351n
St. Helena Island, S.C. 314
St. James's Park, London 307
St. John Colleton parish, S.C.:
representatives of 381n
St. Mary Axe, London 382
St. Michael's Church, Charleston 320n
St. Philip's Church, Charleston 320n
Sales:
of rice 341
of slaves 313
Saluda River, S.C. 309, 347n, 376, 377, 391
Sandwich packet (Nottingham):
mentioned 317, 317
Sapelo High Point, Ga. 342
Savage, Benjamin 366
Savage, Edward (VII, 501n) 323n, 368
Savannah, Ga.:
mentioned 309
siege of 348n, 411n
vessels at 336n, 361n, 368n
Savannah River:
mentioned 309, 316n, 352
Savanna Le Mer, Jamaica 382sn
Saxe Gotha District, S.C.:
elections in, postponed 343, 405n
S.C. Gazette:
and public affairs 405n
S.C. General Gazette:
and public affairs 323n
publishers of 355n
Schoolmasters 363
Schools:
sought for James Laurens (1765-1775) 336, 363
Schooners:
armed 366
gunpowder transported on 308, 313
HL's 342
Scorpion, man of war (Tollemache):
mentioned 317, 329, 408n
Scotland 344n
Scots 389n
S.C. Royal Gazette 355n
Seals:
HL's 389
wafer 389
wax 308n
Seamen 342
enlist in provincial regiments 329n
from Tamar 387, 399
seized 406, 407, 409, 410
Searchers 323n
Sentences:
civil 319, 320
Sentries 380, 391
Shaw, Charles 389
Shepheard (Shepherd), Charles 327n, 411
Shipyards 385n
Shot 409
Silversmiths 415n
Simpson, James (V, 34) 323n
Simpson, John (IV, 19n) 312n
Simpson, John, & Co. (VII, 416) 312n
Skottowe, Thomas (III, 156) 323n
Slave names:
Auba 317, 414
Ben 312
Betty 317, 318, 414
Cato 317
Chloe 317
George 317
Glasgow 312
Ishmael 317
Jemmy 320, 329n, 330, 331, 332, 333
Lezit 414
Sambo 321
Statira 317
Walley 318
Slave revolts 309
fear of 314, 400
laws concerning 320n
plans for exposed 329n
plotting of 319, 320n, 333
Slaves:
birth of 318
fat 317
illness of 317
list of grievances of 414
livery for 317
number of, owned 387n
runaway 312, 313n
sawyers 313n
seamen 313n
shingle makers 313n
teeth of 317
Sloops 308
British 329n
seized by British 367n
Smallpox:
deaths from 360n
Smith, Philip 411
Smith, Robert 320n
questions slave 321, 330, 332
Smyth, John (VIII, 506) 414
Sons of Liberty, Ga. 309n
Sons of Liberty, N.C. 324
Spain 342
Spies 386n
State House, Charleston 413n
Stone, Benjamin 381
Stores (business) 344, 365
Strouds 348
Stuart, John (I, 61n) 412
private affairs of 389n
Sugar 318, 407
Sullivan's Island, S.C. 387n
defense of 409, 414
Sunbury, Ga.:
mentioned 342
Surgeons:
military 323n
Surgery 317
Surveyor General 409n
Surveys 409n
Swallow packet (Copeland):
attempt to impress crew of 407, 408, 409
mentioned 397sn, 399, 403, 413
sailings 388
Tamar, man of war (Thornbrough) 361, 367
and Fort Johnson 383, 385n, 388, 399, 409
and Moses Kirkland 386, 399
fear of 400, 410, 413
provisioning of 405n, 407
Tappenden, Stanfield and Denham, of London (VIII, 271) 341
Tar and featherings:
at Augusta, Ga. 323
at Charleston 305n, 307, 323, 387n
Taverns:
Charles Shepheard's 327n
Charleston 408n
Tea 325
Tebout, Tunes (IV, 19n) 315, 390sn
Tenants 414
Tennent, William (1740-1777) 365, 366
and backcountry mission 344, 352, 360
and the Rangers 346
letters from 337- 340, 358- 360
Terry, Champness (IV, 71) 359
The Address of the People of Great Britain to the Inhabitants o of America (Dalrymple) 338n
The Ridge, S.C. 371, 372
rendezvous at 352, 377
Thompson, Mr. 360
Thomson, James Hamden 414
Thomson, William (II, 258n):
and Commission to the backcountry 348, 352, 391, 392
and militia 351, 366
letters from 350- 352, 370- 372
letters to 353- 355
mentioned 343, 344, 377
Thornbrough, Edward (Tamar):
and Fort Johnson 410
and provisioning of Tamar 405n
letters from 406- 407
letters to 405- 406
Tides 313, 380
Tidewaiters 323n
Tidyman, Philip 415
Timothy, Peter (II, 13n) 305n
as secretary of Council of Safety 385n
Tollemache, John (Scorpion) 408n
captures Negroes 329
Torbay, prison ship 411n
Trail, James 323n
Transient persons 373
Treaty of Ninety Six (Sept. 16) 392
Trials 333
of Negroes 319, 320n, 329, 334
Troops, British:
for America 399, 400, 405
mentioned 356, 388, 392
Troops, patriot:
mentioned 388, 409
number and composition of 393n
Tucker, Benjamin 366
Tyger River, S.C. 412n
Upper Saluda militia 371, 374
Ushers (schools) 363
Vendue masters 311n
Verree, Joseph (V, 27n) 381
Vessels:
arming of 396, 414
bombardment by 356
British, at Charleston 399, 400n, 405, 406
chartered 342
refitted 361n
rigging of 361n
seizure of 409n
Vessels belonging to HL 341n, 342
Victuallers 405n
Violence 307, 345
Virginia:
mentioned 364n, 365n
Volunteer companies:
and militia 326
formation of 314, 344, 347, 351, 359, 370, 374
German Fusiliers 400n, 411n
mentioned 407
of rangers 339
size of 326, 353
unrest among 400
Wagons:
casualties conveyed by 356
gunpowder conveyed by 340
letters conveyed by 358
Walker, George 305n, 323, 382, 387
Walkman, Mark 323n
Walters, John Allen 384, 385
Washington and Pinckney District, S.C. 359n
Weather 414
fine 318, 342
inclement 391
storms 313, 342, 368n
Wells, John, Jr. (III, 450):
defends press 357
letters from 357- 358
letters to 355- 357
mentioned 319n
Wells, Robert (III, 272) 319n, 355n
Wells, William Charles 319, 355n
West Florida 390n
Wharves 380n
Wilkes Fund 305n
Wilkinson, Edward (IV, 338n):
and Richard Pearis 348n
reports attack on Indians 394
Williams, William (Maria Wilhelmina) 320
Williamson, Andrew (IV, 70):
mentioned 347, 352, 358n, 365n, 366, 377, 391, 392, 412n
Wilson, James (Portland) (VII, 293) 317, 343sn, 397, 404sn, 415sn
Wilson, Joseph, of Bristol 311
Winds:
unfavorable 313, 409
Windsor, Eng. 336
Wise, Samuel:
and his company of Rangers 350, 351, 353, 356n, 364n, 370
Witnesses 320, 321
Wofford, Benjamin 392n
Wofford, William 338n, 412
Woods:
clearing of 409
Woods, Joseph 340
Woodward, Thomas:
and the Rangers 350
Workhouses 312
Wragg, William (III, 271) 396
as Non=Associator 323n
letters from 368- 370
Wrights Neck, S.C.:
volunteer company of 314
Wright's Savannah plantation 342
Writing 364
Yowart, Mrs. 342