Copyright [year?], University of California Press. All rights reserved.
The original locations of documents that appear in the text are described by Symbols. The guide used for American repositories has been Symbols of American Libraries, eleventh edition (Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1976). Foreign repositories and collections have been assigned symbols that conform to the institutions’ own usage. In some cases, however, it has been necessary to formulate acronyms. Acronyms have been created for private manuscript collections as well.
- Federal Archives and Records Center, East Point, Georgia
- Tuskegee Archives, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama
- Federal Bureau of Investigation, United States Department of Justice, Washington, D.C.
- Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
- National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- RG 59
- General Records of the Department of State
- RG 60
- General Records of the Department of Justice
- RG 65
- Records of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
- RG 84
- Records of Foreign Service Posts of the Department of State
- RG 94
- Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1780s–1917
- RG 165
- Records of the War Department, General and Special Staffs, Military Intelligence Division
- RG 204
- Records of the Office of the Pardon Attorney
- RG 233
- Records of the United States House of Representatives
- Pitts Theology Library, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
- University of Ibadan Library, Ibadan, Nigeria
- Jamaica Archives, Spanish Town, Jamaica
- Killie Campbell Africana Library, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
- National Archives of Malawi, Zomba
- National Archives of Nigeria, Ibadan
- National Archives of Namibia, Windhoek
- Schomberg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York
- Public Records Office
- Colonial Office
- Foreign Office
- War Office
- South African Government Archives, Pretoria
- Cape Archives, Cape Town, South Africa
- Archives of the Registrar, Eastern Cape Division of the Supreme Court of South Africa
- Archives of the Magistrate, East London
- Archives of the Magistrate and Bantu Affairs Commissioner, Maclear
- Archives of the Magistrate and Bantu Affairs Commissioner, Sterkspruit (Herschel)
Manuscript Collection Symbols
- Admiralty and Secretariat Papers, NaNam
- African Orthodox Church Papers, GAPT
- Atlanta Federal Penitentiary Records, AFRC
- Colonial Secretary's Office, JA, NAN
- Herbert Macaulay Papers, IU
- John E. Bruce Papers, NNSc
- Records of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Papers, DLC
- Archives of the Department of Native Affairs, SAGA
- Robert Russa Moton Papers, ATT
The following symbols are used to describe the character of the original documents:
- Autograph document signed
- Autograph letter signed
- Autograph manuscript
- Autograph telegram message
- Printed document
- Typed document
- Typed document signed
- Typed letter
- Typed letter initialed
- Typed letter signed
- Typed manuscript
- Typed note
- Typed note initialed
- Typed note signed
- Typed telegram
Abbreviations of Published Works
- L. H. Gann and Peter Duigan, eds. African Proconsuls: European Governors in Africa. New York: Free Press, 1978.
African Times and Orient Review
0 Brado Africano
Black Man, monthly, Kingston and London
Blackman, weekly, Kingston
- E. David Cronon. Black Moses: The Story of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association. 2d ed. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969.
- Les Switzer and Donna Switzer. The Black Press in South Africa and Lesotho. Boston: G. K. Hall and Co., 1979.
Cambridge Biographical Dictionary
- J. D. Fage and Roland Oliver, eds. The Cambridge History of Africa. 8 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 19751986.
- Mark R. Lipschutz and R. Kent Rasmussen. Dictionary of African Historical Biography. 2d ed. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1986.
Dictionary of American Negro Biography
Dictionnaire de biographie française
Dictionary of National Biography
Dominions Office and Colonial Office List
Dictionary of South African Biography. Cape Town, 1968.
- Eric Rosenthal. Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa. 6th ed. London and New York: Frederick Warne, 1973.
- William L. Langer, comp. and ed. An Encyclopedia Of World History. 5th ed., rev. and enl. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1972.
- Gail M. Gerhart and Thomas Karis. From Protest to Challenge: A Documentary History of African Politics in South Africa,1882-1964. 4 vols. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 19721977.
- Daniel Miles McFarland. Historical Dictionary of Ghana. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1985.
- Cynthia A. Crosby. Historical Dictionary of Malawi. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1980.
- A. Oyewole. Historical Dictionary of Nigeria. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1987.
- Christopher C. Saunders. Historical Dictionary of South Africa. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1983.
- Cyril P. Foray. Historical Dictionary of Sierra Leone. Metuchen. N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1977.
- Samuel Decalo. Historical Dictionary of Togo. 2d ed. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1987.
International Journal of African Historical Studies
Journal of African History
Journal of the African Society
Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria
Journal of Negro History
Lagos Weekly Record
- Robert A. Hill and Barbara Bair, eds. Marcus Garvey: Life and Lessons. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1987.
Marcus Garvey Papers
Negro Year Book
New York Times
- Imanuel Geiss. The Pan-African Movement: A History of Pan-Africanism in America, Europe and Africa. Translated by Ann Keep. New York: Africana Publishing, 1974.
- Peter Walshe. The Rise of African Nationalism in South Africa: The AfricanNational Congress, 1912-1952. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1971.
DNB Eric Rosenthal. Southern African Dictionary of National Biography, London: Frederick Warne, 1966.
South African Labour Bulletin
Standard Encyclopedia of Southern Africa. Cape Town, 1972.
Sierra Leone Weekly News
Times of Nigeria
Webster's Biographical Dictionary
Webster's New Geographical Dictionary
Who Was Who
Other Symbols and Abbreviations
Included are abbreviations that are used generally throughout annotations of the text. Standard abbreviations, such as those for titles and scholastic degrees, are omitted. Abbreviations that are specific to a single annotation appear in parentheses after the initial citation and are used thereafter in the rest of the annotation.
- African Communities League
- African Methodist Episcopal Church
- African National Congress
- African Orthodox Church
- African Progress Union
- Black Star Line, Inc.
- Industrial and Commercial Workers Union
- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
- National Congress of British West Africa
- South African Native National Congress
- Society of Peoples of African Origin
- Universal Negro Improvement Association
The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers,
ed. Robert A. Hill
(Columbia, S.C.: Model Editions Partnership, 2000).
Electronic version based on
The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers,
ed. Robert A. Hill,
(Berkeley: University of California Press, [year?]). On the Web at http://mep.blackmesatech.com/mep/ [Accessed 5 January 2018]