Copyright 1999. Esther Katz. All rights reserved.
English-born journalist and newspaper editor. Married Annie Hood, no children. Worked as a reporter for several British newspapers, including the Pall Mall Gazette. After emigrating to the United States in 1893, Birchall continued to work as a reporter and in 1905 was hired by the New York Times as night city editor. Birchall served as assistant managing editor at the Times from 1912 to 1926, though he took a leave of absence during World War I to serve the British government. From 1926 to 1931 Birchall was acting managing editor of the Times. In 1932 he was placed in charge of the paper's European news service and later served as a foreign correspondent in Europe, India, and Canada. Birchall was the author of The Storm Breaks: A Panorama of Europe and the Forces That Have Wrecked Its Peace (1940). He retired from journalism during World War II to serve British War Relief.