Copyright 1999. Esther Katz. All rights reserved.
Lawyer and judge. Married Mary Gertrude (1893), had one child. Appointed Assistant District Attorney for King's County in 1896; in 1906 chosen as a justice of Supreme Court, assigned to Court of Appeals in 1917. The Crane decision in Margaret Sanger's 1919 appeal of her Brownsville clinic conviction (People of the State of New York v. Margaret Sanger) upheld her conviction but exempted physicians from restrictions on providing contraceptive information. This decision enabled the opening of doctor-staffed clinics in the U.S. Crane became Chief Judge of Court of Appeals in 1934, served that position until retirement in 1939; thereafter worked in private practice.