The Margaret Sanger Papers

Doty, Madeleine Zabriskie (1879-1963)

Lawyer, social worker, activist. Married to Roger N. Baldwin (1919); divorced in 1935. Doty received her law degree from New York University in 1902, but started work as a teacher at Miss Haskell's School (1903-05) in Boston before joining the New York City law firm of Ashley, Pope and Doty. Part of a close-knit circle of intellectual socialist women that included Ida Rauh and Crystal Eastman, Doty, like Margaret Sanger, was a member of Greenwich Village's Liberal Club. In 1911 Doty abandoned general practice to specialize in children's welfare issues, particularly a study of children's court. She was also active in prison reform efforts and the woman's suffrage movement. Doty was a pacifist and with the outbreak of war in Europe she became a member of the Woman's Peace Party. After World War I, Doty joined the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and worked in Geneva as the League's international secretary. She also edited the League's journal, Pax. In 1934, Doty received her doctorate from Geneva University in international relations. The author of numerous articles, Doty also published Society's Misfits (1916); Short Rations: An American Woman in Germany (1917); and Behind the Battle Line (1918).
References: Blanche Wiesen Cook, ed. Crystal Eastman on Women and Revolution (1978).