Copyright 1999. Esther Katz. All rights reserved.
Industrial Workers of the World (1905)
The goal of the Industrial Workers of the World was to organize unskilled immigrants and industrial workers into "one big union." Led by William "Big Bill" Haywood, and most effective in the Western states, the IWW used general strikes and walk outs as their major weapons. Their goal was workers' control and operation of industry. Sanger was associated with several East Coast IWW actions, including the textile strike at Lawrence, Massachusetts (1912) and the Paterson Silk Strike (1913).
References: Melvin Dubofsky, We Shall Be All, (1969); Anne Huber Tripp, The I.W.W. and the Paterson Strike of 1913 (1987); John S. Gambs, The Decline of the I.W.W. (1943).
The Margaret Sanger Papers Electronic Edition: Margaret Sanger and The Woman Rebel, 1914-1916, eds. Esther Katz, Cathy Moran Hajo and Peter Engelman
(Columbia, S.C.: Model Editions Partnership, 1999). On the Web at http://mep.blackmesatech.com/mep/ [Accessed 9 January 2014]