The Margaret Sanger Papers


Van Eeden, Frederik Willem (1860-1932)

Physician, psychiatrist and writer. Married, (? Children). Born in Haarlem, the Netherlands, Van Eeden trained as a physician at the University of Amsterdam and after studying hypnotism in Paris and Nancy, began specializing in psychiatry in 1892. A socialist and labor activist, van Eeden was also attracted to the utopian ideals of Henry David Thoreau. In 1903, he founded "Walden," an experimental cooperative community in Bussum, a small town near Amsterdam, but the colony went bankrupt in 1907. He also started a weekly paper, De Pionier (The Pioneer), devoted to the working class issues and helped found De Nieuwe Gids, (The New Guide) a socialist journal. Van Eeden was also a poet, playwright and novelist whose works included De Kleine Johannes or Little John (1887), The Quest (1911) and The Bride of Dreams (1913). His autobiography, Happy Humanity was published in 1909.
References: C.W. Bieling, "Thoreau in Holland," Thoreau Society Bulletin, January 1946; Albert Verwey, Frederik van Eeden (1939).