Copyright 1999. Esther Katz. All rights reserved.
Van Houten, Samuel (1837-1930)
Dutch politician and reformer. Liberal Party representative for Gronigen, Van Houten was active in labor reform. In 1874 he sponsored an investigation into child labor practices that led to a ban on industrial employment of children under 12 years and limited the number of hours women could work. An advocate of family limitation, he presented a paper on Neo-Malthusianism in 1878.
References: Margaret Sanger, Dutch Methods of Birth Control (1915); Gerald Newton, The Netherlands: an Historical and Cultural Study, 1795-1977 (1978).
The Margaret Sanger Papers Electronic Edition: Margaret Sanger and The Woman Rebel, 1914-1916, eds. Esther Katz, Cathy Moran Hajo and Peter Engelman
(Columbia, S.C.: Model Editions Partnership, 1999). On the Web at http://mep.blackmesatech.com/mep/ [Accessed 4 January 2018]