The Papers of General Nathanael Greene

From General William L. Davidson,[1]

Has a report that a force led by Lord Cornwallis and [Col. Banastre] Tarleton was "yesterday & at 11 oclock this Day" near the "South fork" of the Catawba River, about forty miles northwest of Charlotte; the rest of the British army and the baggage were "11 miles in the rear." The British have burned "several Houses and make a point of distroying every article of provision & forage which they have not immediate use for." Gen. [Daniel] Morgan is at Sherrald's Ford, "30 Miles from this place and about the same distance from the Enemy." Sends an "account" of the British force at Camden, S.C., and a "draft of thier Works &c," provided by a "sensible and judicious" officer, who returned from "Six Months imprisonment" there.[3] The officer reports that "there is no Store of provisions" at Camden and says the enemy would have to "vacate that post" if a lightly guarded mill about a mile from the stockade were destroyed. Davidson is "really distressed on account of the smallness of our Resourses and the want of propper Oeconomy." Wishes to hear what the northern and middle states have done about "compleating" their Continental battalions. Needs flints for Col. [Thomas] Farmer's troops, who are to join Davidson "tomorrow," and for many of his own men. Has been unable to get any flints from Salisbury or from Morgan; asks NG to send "four or five Hundred by the Bearer."[4] Adds in a postscript that he has "this moment received the Inclosed note from Genl Morgan."[5]
Autograph letter signed (MiU-C) 2 pp.
    [1.] This was Davidson's last known letter to NG. Davidson was killed at Cowan's Ford on 1 February. (See note at NG to Steuben, 3 February, PGNG, 7: 242-245.)
    [2.] The letter was docketed 18 January, but the contents establish that it was written at a later date, probably 24 January. Davidson was at Charlotte when he wrote Morgan on 23 January. (Graham, Morgan, p. 322) From what he said about Morgan's position in this letter, Davidson was apparently still there, although it is not clear how he could have received word that the British were forty miles from Charlotte at 11 A.M. on the day he wrote this letter to NG.
    [3.] Neither the "account" nor the "draft" has been found.
    [4.] Davidson had asked "repeatedly" for a supply of flints from Salisbury, N.C. (See Marbury to NG, 22 January, PGNG, 7: 170.) He had also requested 2,000 flints from Morgan in a letter of 21 January. (Graham, Morgan, p. 322) NG's reply to this request has not been found.
    [5.] Enclosure not found.