Copyright 1999. Rhode Island Historical Society. All rights reserved.
In one of the papers inclosed [not found] you have an account of the defection of the Pennsylvania line, about one third I am told are discharged from service. About a week ago part of the Jersey line followed their example, but was soon suppressed without any bloodshed.
The commander in chief has determined to bring all mutineers in future, if any should happen, to unconditional obedience.
This is a very serious event and strikes a deep blow against the subordination of the Army. If it stops here it may have salutary effects on the councils and efforts of America.[2
All is quiet at New York. Genl
[Henry] Clinton was much elated on hearing of the revolt in the Pennsylvania Line; but on hearing of the execution of his emissary and guide he droped into sadness.[3
Not a word from Capt
Paul Jones, nor a word from Gibera[l]ter.[4
] The news from the paracide [i.e., parricide] Arnold you will be fully accquainted with from Virginia.[5
] With the highest esteem and regard I have the honor to be Sir
Your Most Obt Humble Servt
P.S. The legislature of Maryland has instructed their Delegates to sign the confederation, and Virginia has ceded to the united States her claim of Lands west of the Ohio River on some small conditions. This opens a flattering prospect.[6
] The mutiny in the Pennsylvania Continental line is discussed at Madison to NG, 13 January (PGNG, 7: 116-118
). On the later mutiny in the New Jersey line and Washington's response to it, see Washington to NG, 2 February (PGNG, 7: 240
] Clinton's reaction to the Pennsylvania mutiny is noted at Madison to NG, 13 January (PGNG, 7: 116-118
), as is the execution of the two emissaries he sent to the mutineers.
] The Virginia legislature on 2 January
had passed an act ceding to the United States the territory to which it held claim northwest of the Ohio River. Because of this cession and pressure from the French minister, the Maryland legislature in late January authorized its delegates in Congress to subscribe to the Articles of Confederation. The official ratification ceremony and public announcement of the new national union took place on 1 March
. (Burnett, Congress, pp. 499-500
The Papers of General Nathanael Greene,
ed. Dennis Conrad et al.
(Columbia, S.C.: Model Editions Partnership, 1999). Full texts of documents calendared in
The Papers of General Nathanael Greene
(Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1994), Vol. 7, pp. 152-289. On the Web at http://mep.blackmesatech.com/mep/ [Accessed 16 January 2018]