The Papers of General Nathanael Greene

To General Isaac Huger.

The British crossed the Catawba River "this morning." They burned "a great number of their Waggons yesterday and seem to be prepared for forced Marches."[2] The militia "is assembling at Mr David Carrs," where NG will remain this night.[3] Thinks the British will go to Salisbury; considering how rapidly they have marched and that NG has "little force to retard" them, they should get there in "little better than a day."[4] Unless Huger is already across the Yadkin and can "force a march" to Salisbury, he should move up the east side of that river.[5] "To have the baggage and Stores secure is the next great object to the salvation of the troops." The supply train should go to Guilford instead of Salisbury, and the officer in charge of it should impress "all the horses" needed to hasten its march. Advises the army's officers to bring as little of their baggage as possible, "as they may stand a great chance of loosing it upon forced Marches." Huger is to order [Henry] Lee to "move up" with his cavalry, leaving his infantry to follow.[6] "Had we a superiority in horse the Militia would be useful but for want of which the Militia dare not go within Miles of the Enemy." The hogs collected at Rocky River should be driven to Guilford.
Autograph draft signed (MiU-C) 3 pp.

    [1.] The date was taken from a copy of this letter in the Greene Letter Book, DLC; it is the same date that appears on the docketing of the ADfS. The place was taken from NG's other letter of this date.
    [2.] On the burning of the wagons by the British and their crossing of the Catawba, see NG to Steuben, 3 February (PGNG, 7: 242-245).
    [3.] As seen at NG to Steuben, 3 February (PGNG, 7: 242-245), the militia were not "assembling" at David Carr's, on the road to Salisbury.
    [4.] As NG anticipated, Lord Cornwallis's army reached Salisbury on 3 February. (Wickwire, Cornwallis, p. 283; "Von Bose Journal," pp. 44-45.)
    [5.] Huger brought the army up the east side of the Yadkin. (See his letter to NG of 3 February, PGNG, 7: 247.)
    [6.] Ichabod Burnet conveyed NG's orders to Lee in a letter of 2 February (PGNG, 7: 234-235). As seen at Lee to NG, 3 February (PGNG, 7: 247-248), Lee's cavalry was unable to march immediately.