The Papers of General Nathanael Greene

To the Commanding Officer of the Guilford Militia.[1]

The enemy are "penetrating this Country." Lord Cornwallis is at the Trading Ford, preparing to cross the Yadkin River.[2] The American army "is collecting at this place; and if the Militia will turn out, and give support to the Army, I have not a single doubt but that we shall be able to stop his [Cornwallis's] progress."[3] The officer is to assemble the militia of Guilford and neighboring counties, with six days' provisions. He is to order the county commissioners to send provisions to the army, which "is entirely without." He is also to send to NG the "most intelligible" man he knows who is "well acquainted" with the roads, distances, and the "best settlements & plentifullest place for obtaining provisions." The officer should reply as soon as possible.[4]
Copy (MiU-C) 2 pp.
    [1.] The commanding officer was Col. James Martin. (NCSR, 22: 147)
    [2.] Cornwallis crossed the Yadkin River at Shallow Ford, some twenty-five miles above the Trading Ford. (See NG to Washington, 9 February, PGNG, 7: 267-270.)
    [3.] As seen at NG to Washington, 9 February (PGNG, 7: 267-270), the army did not collect for several days, and the militia failed to join NG.
    [4.] In a pension application that he made long after the war, Martin remembered this letter from NG. He said he was ordered to:“raise and call upon the Guilford Militia en masse and to equip themselves as the military laws directed and for me to come and join in his camp under the regular service and not depart without leave; but guns were wanting by a number of the men and I had to have recourse to impress and borrow as many as I could get and I could only raise about 200 to go with me to camp, and they, hearing that the British were marching towards us in Guilford, it struck such terror on them that some of that number deserted.... I marched and joined General Greene with what I had and we retreated before the British until we came to Roanoke [i.e., Dan] and crossed the river." (NCSR, 22: 147)”