The Papers of General Nathanael Greene

From Marquis De Malmedy,

The North Carolina Assembly has appointed Malmedy to command 600 "Light horse," to be raised in the Hillsborough district by 20 February. Thanks NG for his recommendation and asks for orders.[1] The Assembly has made "no other provision" for supplying NG beyond appointing "colonel Devee" [William R. Davie] to be commissary.[2] The bill for raising Continental troops has not yet passed, "and unfortunately the opinion of the majority is that Lord Cornwalis has crossed the Catabaw only in order to retake the prisoners of general [Daniel] Morgan."[3] Gen. [Richard] Caswell is reappointed "chief of the militia."[4]
Autograph Letter Signed (Greene Papers: DLC) 1 p.

    [1.] In his letter to Gov. Abner Nash of 13 January (PGNG, 7: 108), NG had recommended Malmedy's plan for raising a light infantry corps. The General Assembly's action is discussed at that letter.
    [2.] Alexander Martin, in his letter to NG of 25 January (PGNG, 7: 199), had implied that he thought Davie possessed the means to supply the army.
    [3.] The legislature passed the act for filling the state's quota of Continentals on 13 February. (NCSR, 17: 705) By the date of this letter, the nearly 600 prisoners Morgan had captured at Cowpens were well on their way to Virginia and were thus beyond Lord Cornwallis's reach. In his invasion of North Carolina, however, Cornwallis had much more in mind than simply retaking the prisoners. He hoped to destroy NG's army and reestablish royal government. (Cornwallis to Germain, 17 March, PRO 30/11/76)
    [4.] Caswell had resigned his commission in October 1780, after he was removed from command in a poorly managed rebuke for his role in the Southern Army's debacle at Camden, S.C. (Rankin, N.C. Continentals, p. 255) His reappointment as state militia commander and appointment to the new North Carolina Council Extraordinary signaled a return to political respectability. (Smith, "Politics," pp. 408-9)