The Papers of General Nathanael Greene

From General Mordecai Gist,

The Maryland General Assembly has adjourned. The state will use measures similar to the ones Gist described in his letter of 19 January, (PGNG, 7: 151-152), to raise its quota of troops. Its county lieutenants are now "Classing the Inhabitants and property." Delaware will probably adopt "the Same mode," but will raise its troops "for the War."[1] The "Empty" treasuries of both states "are great embarrassments" to NG's other requisitions.[2] Compliance "depends Altogether on the collection of Taxes," which "will require a considerable time." Maryland has agreed to compensate its Continental line for the "Depreciation" of currency and has sent a commissioner to camp to "Settle and adjust the Accounts of the Officers and Soldiers" to 1 August 1780. This person will issue specie certificates for the amounts due the troops on that date, with interest. Three large, confiscated estates "are set apart in Security for the payment."[3] The Assembly has also ratified the Articles of Confederation.[4] Captain [William] Brown's company marched from Baltimore on 12 February with four six-pounders and two wagons of "fix'd Ammunition." NG should have Brown explain his conduct in remaining "at this place." It resulted in part from the legislature trying "to countermand the orders" Brown had received at "head Quarters." Gist sends the relevant documents "to prevent any misrepresentation." Brown is bringing some clothing and stores for the Maryland line.[5] Gist had previously sent other clothing and stores, which should have reached Fredericksburg, Va., by this time. The state's portion of the German regiment, seventy-six men, should arrive "at this place" soon.[6] Believes Maryland will raise its quota of men, but fears there will be "much difficulty in clothing and equiping them." Gist has often expressed these fears to the state's executive, who say their "powers are incompetent for want of Money." They are now making "some little provision," however, and Gist hopes the taxes to be collected will resolve the problem. The officers of the state regiment "are to be reduced and to receive an extra years pay on retiring."[7] The officers of the German regiment will retire on half pay. Congratulates NG on the victory at Cowpens.[8]
Copy (MdHi) 3 pp.
    [1.] Delaware enacted a recruiting law on 12 February. (Delaware General Assembly, Acts, 20 October 1780-28 May 1781 [Wilmington, 1781], pp. 3-9) Even with the new law, recruiting proceeded very slowly. (Christopher L. Ward, The Delaware Continentals, 1776-1783 [Wilmington: Historical Society of Delaware, 1941], pp. 469, 472)
    [2.] For NG's requisitions on Maryland and Delaware, see his letters to Governors Thomas Sim Lee and Caesar Rodney, both of 10 November 1780 (PGNG, 6: 474, 475n).
    [3.] The law under which accounts were to be settled is in Maryland General Assembly, Laws, 17 October 1780[-2 February 1781] (Annapolis, [1781]), chap. 38.
    [4.] Maryland's adoption of the Articles of Confederation is noted at Sharpe to NG, 30 January (PGNG, 7: 223-224).
    [5.] When he wrote NG on 19 January (PGNG, 7: 151-152), Gist had reported that Brown's company was nearly ready to leave for the South. As seen at Steuben to NG, 25 March (PGNG, 7: 467-468), the artillery pieces were detained in Virginia and were not sent on to NG's army until late March.
    [6.] The German battalion, which had been recruited in Maryland and Pennsylvania for Washington's army in 1776, was disbanded on 1 January. (Wright, Continental Army, p. 320)
    [7.] For more on the state regiment and the Maryland Continental officers' reaction to its joining NG's army, see PGNG, 6: 595-97.
    [8.] See Morgan to NG, 19 January (PGNG, 7: 152-161).