The Papers of General Nathanael Greene


To General Francis Marion

Dear Sir

I have the particular satisfaction to congratulate you on the entire defeat of the Enemy under Lt Col. Tarlton.
Major Giles this moment arrived brings the glorious intelligence which I have the pleasure to transmit. On the 17th at day break, the enemy consisting of 1150 British troops and 50 Militia attacked General Morgan who was at the Cowpens between Pacolet and Broad River with 290 Infantry, 80 Cavalry and about 600 Militia. The action lasted about 50 Minutes. Our brave troops charged the enemy with bayonets, and entirly routed them killing near 150 wounding upwards of 200 and taking more than 500 prisoners exclusive of the {wounded} prisoners with 2 pieces of artillery[,] 35 Waggons, upwards of 100 of the Dragoon horses & 70 Negroe's, and with the loss only of 10 men killed and 55 wounded. Our intrepid party pursued the enemy upwards of 20 Miles. About 30 Commissioned Officers are among the prisoners. Tarlton had his horse killed was wounded but made his escape with 200 of his troops.
This important intelligence I wish you to communicate to Lt Col. Lee if possible. I have not time to write him. If he has not attacked G.T. [George Town] I wish he could privately transmit it to the Garison.

I am With esteem Your Most Obedt Humble Servt

Draft (MiU-C) 2 pp.