The Papers of General Nathanael Greene


Charles Cornwallis (1738-1805)

Charles Cornwallis, first Marquis and second Earl Cornwallis, served with the British forces in the American colonies from 1776 to 1781. After the fall of Charleston in 1780, Cornwallis was left in command of the southern states by Sir Henry Clinton. Attempting to move north to join with Clinton's army, Cornwallis set up camp at Yorktown on 2 August, 1781. Two months later, on 19 October, he surrendered his army to George Washington.
For the remainder of his life Cornwallis served Great Britain in a variety of positions including: governor-general and commander in chief of India (1786-93); viceroy and commander in chief of Ireland (1798-1801); and British plenipotentiary to negotiate the treaty of Amiens with France (1801-2).
Excerpted from DNB, 4: 1159-1166.