Copyright 1999. Rhode Island Historical Society. All rights reserved.
Thaddeus Kosciuszko, son of an impoverished member of the Polish gentry, arrived in America in the summer of 1776. Trained in France as a military engineer, he worked briefly on Philadelphia's defenses before receiving a commission as a colonel of engineers in the Continental army. Between March 1778 and June 1780, he was engaged in fortifying West Point. He later played a key role in NG's southern campaigns.
In recognition of his services, he was made a brigadier general in 1783. After the war, he returned to his native Poland. When that country was invaded by Russia in 1792, he began a struggle to regain Polish independence that would dominate the rest of his life, the last twenty years of which he spent in exile. (DAB; see also Miecislaus Haiman, Kosciuzko in the American Revolution [New York: Polish Institure of Arts and Sciences in America, 1943].)
The Papers of General Nathanael Greene,
ed. Dennis Conrad et al.
(Columbia, S.C.: Model Editions Partnership, 1999). Full texts of documents calendared in
The Papers of General Nathanael Greene
(Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1994), Vol. 7, pp. 152-289. On the Web at http://mep.blackmesatech.com/mep/ [Accessed 18 January 2018]