The Papers of General Nathanael Greene


Daniel Morgan (1736-1802)
(portrait -- 114k)

Daniel Morgan was one of the more colorful characters of the revolutionary war. Morgan, who had served as a teamster in the French and Indian War, raised a company of Virginia riflemen soon after the war broke out and joined the American army outside Boston. He took part in the expedition to Quebec, where he was captured. He was later exchanged, and did "wonders" -- as Gen. Horatio Gates reputedly said-- commanding the corps of rangers sent by Washington to reinforce Gate's army at Saratoga. (Higginbotham, Morgan, p. 76) Morgan retired from the service in July 1779, allegedly because of ill health, but in reality because he felt slighted when Washington gave command of the newly formed light infantry brigade to Anthony Wayne. Gates asked him to join the Southern Army after the fall of Charleston, but physical problems and a wish to see if Congress would promote him to general kept him home until after the disaster at Camden. When he heard about the battle, Morgan immediately went to join Gates, arriving in late September. On 2 October, Gates put him in command of a corps of light infantry and renewed his request to Congress to promote Morgan; it did so on 13 October. When NG arrived at camp, Morgan's corps was at New Providence, N.C. between the Southern Army and Lord Cornwallis's troops at Winnsboro, S.C. (A useful biography is Higginbotham, Morgan.)
Excerpted from PGNG 6: 529n