The Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony


SBA to ECS

My dear Mrs. Stanton:

What a grand advertisement the Albany Argus and New York Express have given "Mrs. E. Cady Stanton's Slaves' Appeal,— the wife of Henry B. Stanton, a leading Republican orator."[2] Parker Pillsbury, who is with me, has taken the papers on toWendell Phillips. By the way, what think you of Mrs. Child's "Appeal"?[3] It is good, but so long as to repel the common mind.
Parker wished yours were "more argumentative." I told him it was not intended for an argument, but precisely what it is. Lydia Mott insists we need appeals to the heart more than to the intellect. I am sure yours will have a powerful effect on our people and will prove a firebrand at the South. Lydia is mailing them to every Southern Member of Congress, as well as to the Northern Members, and to every member of our Legislature, etc., etc. Parker said to me: "Tell Mrs Stanton I think she has power to shake the world, and if she only is true to the light within, I am sure she'll do it." He read your Liberator letter[4] to a parlour full of women in Michigan, and they all rejoiced in your call for "outspoken rebellion," and he read it to a number of us in Albany, with power and holy unction. Never has he read the word so needful and that too at this very hour. In speaking to him of your Wide-Awake speech,[5] he said: "I am very choice of Mrs Stanton. I watch over her with great and constant anxiety."
Does Henry feel compromised by your "Slaves' Appeal?" How shamefully weak and trembling the Republicans are,— even more than the Abolitionists foreshadowed. Weed on his knees for endorsing the Helper book![6] Affectionately yours,

S. B. Anthony

Typed transcript, ECS Papers, NjR.
    [1.] In Herkimer County, where SBA, Aaron Powell, and Beriah Green stopped on a tour for immediate emancipation.
    [2.] See document 109. The Slave's Appeal, published in November by the Anti-Slavery Depository and printed by Weed, Parsons and Company, supported a personal liberty law. The Atlas and Argus thought it evidence of the North's continued war against the South and its editorials attacked Thurlow Weed for printing the tract. The Express called it "a sharp, bitter, incendiary pamphlet." (Film, 9:936-40; Albany Atlas and Argus, 19, 20 November 1860; New York Evening Express, 19 November 1860.)
    [3.] Lydia Maria Child, The Duty of Disobedience to the Fugitive Slave Act: An Appeal to the Legislators of Massachusetts (1860), which was thirty-six pages long.
    [4.] SBA refers to ECS's article, "Mrs. Dall's Fraternity Lecture," in which ECS criticized a recent lecture by Caroline Dall printed in the Liberator on 26 October 1860. Dall described the discussion of marriage and divorce as "premature and unwise." ECS countered that "woman, as woman has nothing to ask but the right of suffrage. All the special statutes of which we complain, all the barbarities of the law, fall on her as wife and mother." The subject of marriage and divorce, therefore, called "not only for discussion, but for outspoken rebellion." (Liberator, 16 November 1860, Film, 9:927.)
    [5.] On behalf of the town's Republican women ECS presented a banner to the Seneca Falls Wide Awakes, a marching club of young Republicans, on 10 September, with a speech urging them to the "highest ideal of Republicanism," the abolition of slavery. (New York Herald, 19 September 1860; New York Times, 3 October 1860; and Film, 9:826-42.)
    [6.] Thurlow Weed and other prominent Republicans endorsed and financed a compendium of Hinton Rowan Helper, The Impending Crisis of the South: How to Meet It (1857) for the campaign of 1860. (New York Daily Tribune, 16 March 1859.)