The Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony

Accounts of SBA with the American Anti-Slavery Society [5 November-17 December 1856]

Editorial note: SBA kept accounts— personal accounts, woman's rights accounts, and antislavery accounts— in one daybook from November 1856 through 1860. She began the record when the executive committee of the American Anti-Slavery Society asked her to be their agent for lectures in New York."They seem to think me possessed of a vast amount of executive ability," she wrote to Lucy Stone while thinking about the offer."I shrink from going into Conventions where speaking is expected of me, . . . Then I know they want me to help about finance, and that part I like and am good for nothing else."
Her first tour, under the banner "No Union With Slaveholders," started at the end of November and continued until 20 February 1857. Charles Lenox Remond was the experienced lecturer on her team. It was the first lecture tour for his sister Sarah P. Remond, the first antislavery tour for SBA, and Aaron M. Powell was, in William Lloyd Garrison's words,"comparatively a new lecturer in the field." The foursome headed into New York's northern counties, Clinton, Franklin, and St. Lawrence.
SBA recorded income on the left-hand page of her book (in a column headed "creditor"), and on the right-hand page she entered expenses charged against that income (in a column headed "debtor"). (Samuel May, Jr., to SBA, 22 October 1856, SBA to Lucy Stone, 19 October 1856, in Film, 8:599-604, 606; Liberator, 14 November, 26 December 1856, 6 March 1857; National Anti-Slavery Standard, 27 December 1856, 10 January, 14 March 1857; Powell, Personal Reminiscences, 169-71.)
1856, Cr.
Nov. 25, C. B. Campbell[1], 2.00
[Nov.] 30, Peru Union Con[vention][2], 43.88
Dec. 3, S. B. Anthony, 44.15
[Dec.] 2 & 3, Plattsburgh Convention, 6.27
[total] 96.30
Nov. 5, To 40 stamps 25 Envelopes, 2.00
[Nov.] 6, [To] Postage on 200 Bills, 2.00
[Nov.] 15, [To] 25 stamp Envelopes, .80
[Nov. 15], [To] Postage on Bills to P[otsdam] & O[gdensburg], .50
[Nov.] 28, Albany to Keeseville, 5.35
[Nov. 28], Baggage & Dinner, .50
Bill at Ausable Hotel, .75
Dec. 3, C. L. Remond[3], 20.00
[Dec. 3], S. P. Remond Expenses[4], 1.85
[Dec.] 4, Printing 1000 Bills at Platts[burgh], 4.50
[Dec. 4], Bill, S. B. & Powell Columbia Hotel, 7.00
[Dec. 4], Rent Clinton Hall 2 Evening, 8.00
[Dec. 4], Boy to circulating Bills, .63
[Dec. 4], Advertising Dem[ocrat] Paper, 1.50
[Dec. 4], Dinners for two at Moores[5], .50
[Dec.] 4, Fare Plattsburgh to Cham., .85
[Dec.] 5, Champlain to Moores, .25
Moores to Malone S. B. & Powell, 2.70
C. L. Remond going to Montreal, 10.00
Carried Over, 69.68
1856, Cr.
Brot Forwd, 96.30
Dec. 8, Kings Hall Malone[6], 4.01
[Dec.] 11, Col[lection]Town Hall Pots., 3.00
[ Dec.] 12, Door [Town Hall] Potsdam, 5.41
[Dec. 12], [blank] Carpenter, 1.00
[Dec.] 15, Frances Jackson [7], 50.00
[Dec. 15], Door Lyceum Hall, 5.12
[Dec.] 16, [Door Lyceum Hall], 4.00
[total] 168.84
Bro't Forward, 69.68
Dec. 6, Printing 500 Tickets, 1.50
[Dec.] 8, Door Tender & Bill dis[tribution], 1.50
[Dec. 8], Miller Hotel, S. B. & P., 7.50
[Dec. 8], Rent Kings Hall, 5.00
[Dec. 8], Advertising Palladium, 1.00
[Dec. 8], A. M. Powell, 5.00
[Dec.] 9, Malone to Potsdam, 1.48
[Dec.] 13, Exchange Bill, 4.50
[Dec. 13], Pots. to Ogdensburgh S. B. & P., 2.50
[Dec. 13], St. Lawrence Hotel, 1.50
[Dec. 13], Baggage, .25
[Dec.] 15, Websters Board[8], 3.50
[Dec. 15], Advertising Ogd., 1.50
[Dec. 15], Boys Journal, 1.00
[Dec.] 16, A. M. Powell, 12.00
RR. Fare, .60
[Dec. 16], Lyceum Hall 2 Evenings, 8.00
[Dec.] 17, Washington Hotel S.B. & P., 4.00
[total] 132.01
Bound volume, pp. 4-7, SBA Papers, DLC. Letters in square brackets expand abbreviations.
    [1.] Cornelius Bowman Campbell (1818-1890) studied with Beriah Green in New York and became a Congregational minister in Clinton, Iowa, sometime in the 1850s. In 1856 he married Phebe Thomas Wilbur, the widow of an abolitionist in Washington County, New York, and an acquaintance of SBA. SBA recorded his donation on the day of the national woman's rights convention in New York. (Andrews, "Cornelius Bowman Campbell, A Biographical Sketch,"190-93, 213-17, 247-49 ; research by Delight W. Dodyk.)
    [2.] According to the Standard, the convention at Peru took place on 28 November.
    [3.] Charles Lenox Remond (1810-1873) toured with SBA for the American Anti-Slavery Society in the 1850s. Born in Salem, Massachusetts, of abolitionist parents, Remond was a founding member of the American Anti-Slavery Society and the society's first African-American lecturing agent. In 1840, as a delegate to the World's Anti-Slavery Convention in London, he protested the exclusion of women by refusing to take his seat on the floor, and he remained a consistent advocate of women's equal rights. (Dictionary of American Negro Biography; Black Abolitionist Papers, 3:318-19n.)
    [4.] Sarah Parker Remond (1826-1894) grew up in Salem, Massachusetts, in a family of abolitionists and, like her brother, crusaded against racial discrimination in public accommodations. She was an agent for the antislavery society for two years. Tired of discrimination and ambitious to obtain a medical education, she left the United States in 1858 to study in England and continued to lecture against slavery. In 1866 she moved to Florence, Italy, and built a medical practice there. After hearing her lecture on this tour, Garrison wrote, "She only needs practice to become a very useful lecturer." She "everywhere commanded the respect and secured the attention of her auditors." (Dictionary of American Negro Biography; Notable American Women; Liberator, 6 March 1857.)
    [5.] SBA consistently misspells Mooers, a town in Clinton County.
    [6.] After meetings in Malone on December 7 and 8, the local paper reported that SBA and Aaron Powell "held forth on that exaggerated form of politics— Abolitionism." Conceding that SBA "is possessed of considerable talents," the paper declared her "thoroughly fanatical in her opinions." The meetings were, it added, very small. (Franklin Gazette, reprinted in Liberator, 26 December 1856.)
    [7.] She names Francis Jackson who sent her the funds appropriated by the antislavery society. Jackson (1789-1861) was a prominent and wealthy Bostonian who supported William Lloyd Garrison, his family, and the Liberator and served as an officer of both the Massachusetts and the American antislavery societies. (Garrison, Letters, 4:328-70; National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 2:318.)
    [8.] At Ogdensburg, SBA and Powell were rejoined by the Remonds, only to find that Webster's Boarding-House, where rooms had been booked for them all, refused to entertain guests of color. The party departed and found rooms in a "fourth-rate hotel." (A. M. Powell to Editor, Liberator, 26 December 1856.)